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Renewable Energy for Transportation and Electricity Generation

The World needs to change the type of energy needed for Transportation and Electricity Generation. We need an energy source that will replace the Combustion Engine in Transportation, a renewable source of energy. We need an energy source that can produce Renewable Electricity without the problems of the type of fuels required to turn a generator.  We need a clean and green source of energy that will not add to climate change.

The World needs a new engine for Transportation. An engine that does not depend on any Fossil Fuels, no fuel cost. An engine that does not produce any effect on the climate, zero emissions. An engine that turns a crankshaft a ½ stroke, Renewable Energy. An engine that has an unlimited range. An engine that operates in most forms of Transportation, from cars to ships. An engine that is a Renewable Transportation.

The World needs a new Electricity Generator.  A generator that does not depend on any Fossil Fuels, low operating cost.  A generator that does not produce any effect on the climate, zero emissions. A generator that is connected to an engine that turns a crankshaft a ½ stroke, Renewable Energy.  A generator that has unlimited duration.  A generator that can be sized to generate Electricity from 10kW to 5+ MW's.  A generator that is a Renewable Electricity.

The Magnetic Renewable System is Renewable Energy for Transportation and Electricity Generation creating Clean Renewable Transportation and Green Renewable Electricity. The Magnetic Renewable System is a mechanical system similar to the Combustion Engine without the combustion. They both turn a crankshaft but one uses Fossil Fuels for combustion and the other uses electricity for magnetic forces. They both push on something to turn the crankshaft. The Combustion Engine turns the crankshaft 4-strokes and the Magnetic Renewable System turns the crankshaft a ½-stroke, with the benefit of a decrease it power requirements and an increase in power output.

The Magnetic Renewable System has started with four variations, 1) Magnetic Renewable Engine for ground equipment, 2) Magnetic Renewable Generator for electricity, 3) Magnetic Renewable Motor for large forms of transportation, and 4) Magnetic Renewable Airplane Engine for propeller airplanes.

 

     
 

 

 

Turning of a Crankshaft a 1/2 Stroke Renewable Energy

The crankshaft is the key to horsepower and to Renewable Energy.  There are two primary engines used in the world today, the Combustion Engine and Electric Motor.  The Combustion Engine turns a crankshaft that is powered by the burning of Fossil Fuels (Gasoline, Diesel, and Natural Gas).  The Electric Motor turns a shaft that is powered by electricity. The type of fuel is not the key to the engines production of horsepower. It is the crankshaft verses the shaft. 

Horsepower
What is horsepower? The basic understanding of horsepower is torque and speed it takes to turn.  The torque is the force that turns. The speed is the time it takes to turn.  The longer it takes to turn and force it takes to turn works together. The standard formula for the Combustion Engine is based on 4-strokes, the distance of the stroke in a crankshaft (speed).  The stroke and the force can be changed, but the longer the stroke, the more horsepower can be produced.  When power that is applied to that stroke dictates the amount of input power of that stroke, increase the number of power strokes, and decrease the power requirements. The standard formula for the Electric Motor is based on watts or magnetic force on the shaft, the speed does not change.  The time it takes to turn a shaft is constant, the force can be changed which increases the energy input and RPM's.  The more energy input the more torque or horsepower is outputted.

Engine Type
Why is the Combustion Engine used in Transportation over the Electric Motor? It is not just the batteries storage.  The combustion engine has been developed, from 1815 to 1913 (98 years), around the crankshaft. The Electric Motor has been developed from 1740 to 1890 (150 years), round the shaft. The key to Transportation is torque or work, not RPM's.  The Electric Motor has been round longer, it is not good at torque. It is good at RPM's but that does not mean torque.

The Electric Motor has one benefit over the Combustion Engine, electrical power. Electricity is clean and can be generated by turning a Generator Head that produces Electricity. The Combustion Engine can produce Electricity by connected it to a Generator Head, Engine-Generator.

Renewable Energy Crankshaft
The crankshaft is the key to producing Renewable Energy. The maximum efficiency of the crankshaft has not been reached.  The number of strokes in the combustion process has limited the efficiency. The combustion process requires 4-strokes with 3-stroke just used for processing the fuel.  Changing the number of strokes has two benefits, it decreases the input power and increases the output power or torque (horsepower). A prime example is the 2-stroke engine. It is small and powerful, but not good at processing fuel, heavy exhaust. The crankshaft can be turned more efficiently than 2-strokes, or 1-stroke. What about ½-stroke?

A ½-stroke crankshaft. Why would that be the key to Renewable Energy? The simple answer is that it input energy is less that the output energy. It produces more energy than it needs to operate. This is achieved by two changes over the Combustion Engine. 1) Change the fuel to Electricity. The Electricity is generated by turning a shaft connected to the crankshaft. 2) Use Magnetic Energy to move the crankshaft. Magnetic Energy is powered by Electricity. The use of Magnetic Energy is what turns the crankshaft ½-stroke. The increase in efficiency using Electricity produces Renewable Energy.  The crankshaft connected to an alternator produces Renewable Transportation. The crankshaft connected to a Generator Head produces Renewable Electricity.

I know most people say it is impossible, it is against the law of physics. Checkout the Understanding The Law Of Physics For Renewable Energy.

     
 

 

The Energy And Torque Benefits Of Crankshaft Over The Shaft

The crankshaft is responsible for converting reciprocating motion to rotational motion. In a reciprocating engine, it translates reciprocating linear piston motion into rotational motion. In order to do the conversion between two motions, the crankshaft has "crank throws", additional bearing surfaces whose axis is offset from that of the crank, to which the "big ends" of the connecting rods from each cylinder attach. The Mechanical Advantage of a crank, the ratio between the force on the connecting rod and the torque on the shaft, varies throughout the crank's cycle.

The Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine turns the crankshaft a ½-stroke, it applies power every haft of a revolution. Using a ½-stroke, will produce two benefits, a decrease in the energy required and an increase in horsepower produced. Compared to the Combustion Engine, that turns a crankshaft using 4-strokes, the Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine is 88% more efficient. That is because the Combustion Engine uses 4-strokes. 4-strokes are the most efficient way with the combustion process, 1) Intake – 2) Compression – 3) Power – 4) Exhaust. However, the 4-strokes have power applied every third stroke leaving three strokes without producing power.

Mechanical Advantage
The Mechanical Advantage of a crank,the ratio between the force on the connecting rod and the torque on the shaft, varies throughout the crank's cycle. Mechanical Advantage is a measure of the force amplification achieved by using a tool, mechanical device or machine system. The device preserves the input force and simply trades off forces against movement to obtain a desired amplification in the output force. The model for this is the law of the lever.

Law of the Lever
Archimedes using geometric reasoning proved the Law of the Lever.  It shows that if the distance A from the fulcrum to where the input force is applied (point A) is greater than the distance B from fulcrum to where the output force is applied (point B), then the lever amplifies the input force. If the distance from the fulcrum to the input force is less than from the fulcrum to the output force, then the lever reduces the input force. Recognizing the profound implications and practicalities of the law of the lever, Archimedes has been famously attributed with the quotation "Give me a place to stand and with a lever I will move the whole world." 

A crankshaft uses the Law of Lever. The distance of the crank from the center allows force amplification.

Crankshaft vs. Shaft
The Crankshaft is more efficient than the shaft in converting energy into horsepower.  The shaft, used in the Electric Motor, is the most efficient way of converting energy into motion, RPM’s, but not producing torque. The difference is in the understanding of horsepower and torque.

The shaft turned by a motor is efficient at producing RPM’s. “Rotational speed (or speed of revolution) of an object rotating around an axis is the number of turns of the object divided by time, specified as revolutions per minute (RPM), revolutions per second (rev/s), or radians per second (rad/s)”[ ].  It is not efficient at producing torque.

“Torque is a measure of how much force acting on an object causes that object to rotate. The object rotates about an axis, which we will call the pivot point.  The distance from the pivot point to the point where the force acts is called the moment arm,”[ ].  The longer the moment arm (crank) the more force produced.

Horsepower is the combination of RPM’s and torque.  Horsepower defined as Force (torque) x Distance (crank)/Time (rpm).  Force is the amount of energy it takes to turn a crank around a center point. Distance is the length of the crank from the center point. Time is how long it takes to turn that crank.  The longer the distance, the more Force is produce. The higher the RPM’s the more torque will be produce. The objective of an engine is to convert energy into torque.

The Crankshaft and the Shaft are similar in that they both turn around a center point.  The difference is the Distance from that center point.  The longer the Distance from the center point, the less amount of Force is required to produce horsepower.  The Crankshaft has a longer crank than the Shaft. 

Comparing the crankshaft to the shaft is not common because of the different fuels they use. The standard crankshaft used Fossil Fuels and the shaft used Electricity. The Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine uses Electricity.

300 Horsepower Engine
223,800 watts - 300 HP Electric Motor
83,000 watts – 548 HP Mag Engine

The crankshaft used in the Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine is 63% more efficient than the shaft used in the Electric Motor in producing horsepower.  This will change the formula from 1HP = 746 to 1HP = 1,215.5 watts.

Stroke Decrease
The Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine turns the crankshaft a haft stroke before producing power. The decrease in strokes requires a decrease in energy, input force, required by the crankshaft is because the number of strokes has decreased compared to the Combustion Engine. The haft stroke requires less input force because the Distances it travels is less than in the Combustion Engine. This smaller distance decreases the time it takes to turn the crankshaft.  This small distance decreases the amount of input force that is required to turn the crank.


Stroke Decrease
# Strokes
Force
Decrease
4 Strokes
1,495
IC
2 Strokes
747
50%
1 Strokes
374
75%
½ Stroke
187
87%

Less Power Consumption
The Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine turns the crankshaft a haft stroke. This small Distance decreases the Time it takes to turn the crank.  This small Distance decreases the amount of input force that is required to turn the crank.  This decrease will increase the horsepower that the engine will produce.

Horsepower Increase
The Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine turns the crankshaft a ½-stroke. This change in strokes will increase the horsepower compared to the standard 4-strokes.

The increase in horsepower is due to the change of Time it takes to turn the crankshaft before the power stroke.  The definition of the horsepower is HP = Force x Distance/Time, using four strokes, every 4th strokes is a power stroke, that means that three strokes are not being used.  An increase in efficiency is possible if the number of power strokes is increase per revolution.  Decreasing the number of strokes from 4- strokes to a ½-stroke.  Using the example of a 300 horsepower Combustion Engine, the power per revolution increased from 1250 RPMs to 10,000 RPM’s, an increase in horsepower by 88%.


Horsepower Increase
# Strokes
Formula
Power Stroke
4 Strokes
4/5000
1,250
2 Strokes
2/5000
2,500
1 Strokes
1/5000
5,000
½ Stroke
5/10,000
10,000

Converting Energy
The Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine converts energy from Magnetic Energy to Mechanical Energy, horsepower, to Electricity.  This conversion is not a 1 to 1 conversion, one mechanical form of energy does not equal to one electrical form of energy. The Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine uses a 1 HP = 1,215 watts. The Magnetic Renewable System subtracts 151 watts for the electromagnets.  That leaves 1,064 watts of Electricity of Renewable Energy.


[ ] Atkins, Tony; Escudier, Marcel (2013). A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199587438

 

     
 

 

Understanding The Law Of Physics For Renewable Energy

The law of physics when it comes to Renewable Energy is to use an unlimited energy source and convert it to motion or Electricity. The most common definition is that renewable energy is from an energy resource (Sunlight, Wind, Tides, Waves, and Geothermal Heat) that is replaced rapidly by a natural process.  Fusion Energy is the main Renewable Energy system that is being developed. Mechanical Energy has not been renewable because of The Law of Conservation.  The Law of Conservation of Energy states that the total energy of an isolated system, (an isolated system is a physical system so far removed from other systems that it does not interact with them), remains constant, it is said to be conserved over time.  This law means that energy can neither be created nor destroyed; rather, it can only be transformed or transferred from one form to another.

Renewable Mechanical Energy
Mechanical Energy can produce Renewable Energy by transforming energy from one form to another.  Transforming energy is not a one to one conversion and Mechanical Energy using the crankshaft (Mechanical Advantage) increases the energy output over the energy input, more energy is outputted than inputted.

Magnetic Renewable System
The Magnetic Renewable System does not challenge the law of physic, it is not an isolated system. The Magnetic Renewable Systems is an energy converter that starts with Electricity and ends with electricity. Turning the crankshaft a ½-stroke decreases the energy input by 87% and increases the energy output by 88% over the combustion engine’s 4-stroke. The Magnetic Renewable System is Renewable Transportation and Renewable Electricity.

 

     
 

 

Chicken or Egg, Product or Investment

Investments in new products are a challenge for investors and hard to find for inventors.  The investor is looking for a completed product.  The inventor is looking for funding to complete the product. The question is which comes first, the product (chicken) or the egg (funding).

Inventor
The inventor will use all their resources to complete their products. Mechanical products will take time and a large amount of funding to bring that product to market. Most inventors do not have access to the amount of funding required.

Investor
The investor is looking at three criteria when it comes to new products: the product, the market and the business.  The market can be evaluated by the investor. The business, most inventors will need help from the investor to build the company. The product, most investors find it hard to evaluate a product without a prototype.

The investor, when it comes to mechanical products, needs to use new tools to evaluate these types of products.  Unlike software, mechanical products were hard to test and evaluate without a prototype.  Most investors do not know how to test new designs.  They do not understand or know that mechanical products can be built and tested in digital form.  CAD is where the digital product is built.  There is simulation software that test the CAD design in many ways.  But the investor will need to have engineers to run these simulations. 

Challenge
The challenge is how to bring the new ideas to market.  Product development funding by the government is diminishing.  Large organizations like Breakthrough Energy Ventures (BEV), NextGen Climate and others are only open to connected people. Some companies try to get you to give them ownership of your idea when submitting for funding, i.e. Breakthrough Energy Ventures Unsolicited Submission Policy.

“3. The submission automatically becomes property of BEC and BEV and BEC and BEV may use, disclose and distribute the submission in any manner and for any purpose without compensation to you or any third party.”
So what do inventors do?

Answer
The inventor must develop their product (chicken) to the level were an investor can see it. The product must be more than an idea.  The product must have a defined market which will let the investor see a return on their investment.

The investor must be open to fund (egg) new products that challenge their understanding. The investor must change how they evaluate new products.  When it comes to mechanical products they need to do the numbers.  They need to understand that new products will challenge their understanding.  They need to see that to make the large returns they need to be open to new ideas and new ways to judge them.

The chicken is first but without the egg the chicken dies. Without the chicken the egg will not grow.

 

     
 

 

 

The Combustion Engine without the Combustion to produce Horsepower

The Combustion Engine is the best way to produce horsepower but is has one problem the combustion process.  The Combustion Engine turns the crankshaft which is the best way to produce horsepower. The crankshaft is turned by using the  combustion process.  There is another way to turn the crankshaft, magnetic energy used in the Magnetic Chamber.

The crankshaft is used to produce horsepower. The crank, the distance from the center of the shaft, is what creates torque, the force or power for the crankshaft.  The combustion process uses 4 strokes (1 intake - 2 compression - 3 power - 4 exhaust), the number of times the crankshaft is turned to produce horsepower. One of 4-strokes are used to produce horsepower. The remaining three strokes are used for the combustion process.  The change in strokes can increase the horsepower an example is the 2-stroke engine. The 2-stroke engine produces 50% more horsepower than the 4-stroke engine with one problem. The 2-stroke engine produces more C02 and other gases than the 4-strokes. The crankshaft can be turned at a 1/2-strokes which produces 87% more horsepower without the combustion process.

The combustion process burns Fossil Fuels, Gasoline, Diesel, Natural Gas, and bio fuel. The combustion process is used to push down on the piston that is connected to the crankshaft. The combustion process produces the C02 gases. 

The Magnetic Chamber uses magnetic force to push and pull on the crankshaft.  It turns the crankshaft with a 1/2-stroke, increasing the horsepower. The Magnetic Chamber is power by electricity for the electromagnets used in the Magnetic Chamber. The Electricity is provided by an Alternator, which subtracts horsepower from the engine, that is turned by the crankshaft.

The Electromagnetic Reciprocating Engine is an electric-crankshaft engine. It is powered by Electricity. It turns a crankshaft. It produces more horsepower than the Combustion Engine. It can be used in vehicles (140 hp to 1262 hp Magnetic Renewable Engine) and it can be used with a generator to produces Electricity (100kW to over 1 MW per Magnetic Renewable Generator).  It is the first Clean Renewable Engine.

 

       
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